((From: Climbing guide Zittauer Gebirge and other climbing areas of Saxony, sports publishing company of Berlin in 1993)
Discover the beauty of sandstone climbing in the Zittauer Gebirge. We offer you up to 88 climbing summits in fantastic and magnificent formation; some are as high as 30 meters.
The Zittauer Gebirge,is situated in the most southeasterly corner of Saxony. It is one of the most gorgeous areas of the Upper Lusatians. It is in all parts rich wooded: it is marked by steep walls, cleft sandstones and beautifully designed climbing rocks. The Zittauer Gebirge is a landscape protection area. Numerous single rock shapes, among climbing rock, stand as natural monuments under particular protection ( Kelchstein, Große und Kleine Orgel, Nonnenfelsen a.s.o)
The sandstone in the Zittauer Gebirge developed almost the same way then the sandstones in the Saxony Switzerland. The ocean of the Cretaceous period envolved into a romantic scenery of impressive rock groups. On of the characteristic of sandstone is the layering, caused through sedimentation of water. Sand becomes sandstone when it is compacted by pressure of overlaying deposits and cemented by the precipitation of minerals within the pore spaces between sand grains. On of the unusual reddish colouring of the sandstone can you admire in Oybin ( the Kelchstein). The sandstone gets his colouring through is iron oxide, but most sandstone in the Zittauer Gebirge are compost of quartz and feldspar because these are the most common minerals in the Earth crust. The friability and the grain size give the sandstone rocks in this area a specially sharpness and hardness.
Millions of years ago you could find active volcanism in this area. You can still take a hike of the two not active vulcans. One of them is the Lausche with 793 meters and therefore the highest in the Zittauer Gebirge. The second mountain is the Hochwald with 749 meters. Enjoy the stunning view of the Zittauer Gebirge and even the mountains of Chez Republic and Polen. Millions of years ago this volcanic processes heated up and stifled at the same time the neighbouring sandstone which shattered, by the following cooling partially in columns, as they are to be seen still today at the ?organ? in the ?Jonsdorfer rock city?. Years ago inhabitants of Jonsdorf used the milestone break to own there allowance. It only was possible through the special consist of the sandstone. You can still admirer the working place in the ?Schaubergwerk?( the mine of milestone break) in Jonsdorf, even guided tours are possible.
At the 20th century the ?Saxon Rules? for rock climbing were established, the first ever of their kind worldwide. Ropes and bolts are only used for protection, but never as a meaning of climbing. Common auxiliaries such as chalk, chocks, and friends are not permitted in the sandstone areas. Instead slings and builds as well as jumps from one to another summit are allowed.
Discover one your own or with friends the beauty of sandstone climbing and the Zittauer Gebirge.